Uganda is a land locked and the smallest of the three countries that formally made up East Africa. It lies with in the tropics at 23 degrees North and South of the tropic of cancer and Capricorn respectively. This means it experiences seasonal variations bordering on rainy and dry spells, with the Equator cutting across its heartland.

A former British colony, Uganda is now home to over 30 million people with an estimated 70-80% of the population engaged in agriculture activities. Although Ugandans speak over 50 dialects, English is the official language, the currency is the Uganda shilling and Kampala is the capital city.

Besides subsistence farming, other pillars of the economy include: The service and tourism industries coupled with several small and medium scale enterprises. Heavy industry is yet to establish a footprint, and is a fact, which may offer little contradiction. The discovery of Oil and Gas in the Albertine region seems to be the latest pace setter for development and with commercial production is already in pipeline.

Generally speaking, Uganda is endowed with a very favorable climate, not too dry as to portend the scorching sun of the Sahara Desert, or chillingly cold and wet like a winter pattern would suggest.

Politically Uganda is a republic enjoying multi-party democracy with presidential and parliamentary elections held every after five years. The factors of production are governed by the principles of a market economy.

Clustered with several water bodies among which include; fresh water lakes like Victoria, Kyoga, Albert and George and a couple of other lesser ones, more worth mentioning is the world famous River Nile which flows from Lake Victoria, through South Sudan, Sudan, Egypt and into the Mediterranean sea. Uganda is bordered by Kenya in the East, DRC in the West, Tanzania in the South, Rwanda in the South West and South Sudan in the North. Such is the setting of a country that is now home to some of the world’s well-known beasts like; Gorillas, Chimpanzees, Elephants, Buffalos, Lions, Giraffes, Zebras, Warthogs, Crocodiles, Hippos, and motley of Monkeys. With the snow capped margharita peak of the Ruwenzori’s priding itself as the Alps of Africa, the rift valley with its lush savanna and dense forests will always live a picturesque impression on any individual who loves nature.

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